Table 2. Association between cardiovascular diagnosis and language preference (adjusteda ORs with 95% Cs).
HypertensionCHDDMStroke
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
English  n = 161 9381111
Non-English  n = 47 7900.98 (0.92 to 1.03)1.18 (1.03 to 1.34)b 1.33 (1.23 to 1.43)c 0.94 (0.8 to 1.11)
Portuguese n = 98621.43 (1.30 to 1.57)c 1.29 (0.99 to 1.68)1.74 (1.50 to 2.02)c 1.40 (1.08 to 1.81)b
Spanish  n = 78820.83 (0.73 to 0.95)c 0.8 (0.58 to 1.10) 1.12 (0.91 to 1.38)0.86 (0.63 to 1.20)
French  n = 49680.81 (0.70 to 0.95)b 0.65 (0.40 to 1.06)0.83 (0.65 to 1.04)0.68 (0.40 to 1.15)
Polish  n = 43111.33 (1.04 to 1.72)b 1.23 (0.89 to 1.71)0.75 (0.57 to 0.99)b 0.77 (0.44 to 1.36)
Somali  n = 15670.40 (0.32 to 0.50)c 1.4 (0.67 to 2.86)1.63 (1.34 to 1.98)c 0.87 (0.47 to 1.60)
Other  n = 19 3800.92 (0.84 to 1.01)1.34 (1.07 to 1.67)c 1.42 (1.25 to 1.60)c 0.84 (0.69 to 1.03)
Not recorded n = 92 6760.98 (0.94 to 1.03)1.07 (0.97to 1.17)1.15 (1.08 to 1.22)c 1.12 (1.00 to 1.25)b
  • aMultiple logistic regression adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic deprivation, ethnicity, and practice clustering. b P<0.05. c P<0.01. CHD = coronary heart disease. DM = diabetes mellitus. OR= odds ratio.