Table 2. Themes and sub-themes emerging from posts, divided into barriers, facilitators, and strategies
BarriersFacilitatorsStrategies
  • Experiencing physical symptoms during and after exercise

  • Lack of information on exercising in asthma:

    • How to participate in exercise with asthma safely

    • How to use inhalers with exercise to prevent asthma attacks

  • External barriers

    • For example, cold weather and stress in private life

  • Emotional barriers

    • For example, fear of physical symptoms, hospital admissions, and asthma attacks

    • Embarrassment when exhibiting asthma symptoms during exercise — confused with lack of fitness

  • Distrust of doctors caring for their asthma

  • Unclear medical advice about exercising

  • Experiencing positive psychological effects of exercise

  • Experiencing improvement of asthma symptoms with exercise

  • Healthcare professional involvement

    • Regular input from a healthcare professional to adjust asthma medications

    • Healthcare professional involvement in explaining how to exercise

    • Positive reinforcement from a healthcare professional

  • Use of reliever inhalers before exercise

  • Increase use of preventer inhalers

  • Starting exercise slowly

  • Warming up before exercise

  • Finding specific exercises that one enjoys