Table 2. PCERS patients characteristics segregated by residential status
CharacteristicMedian or %P value
Living in privatenursing homeLiving independently
Ag e, years ( n = 912) 87 (58 to 101)71 (18 to 100) P<0.001
Sex
Male11.388.7
Female23.776.3 P<0.001
Area ( n = 912)
South/south east Dublin17.415.7
West/south west Dublin47.340.1
North/north west Dublin35.344.2 P=0.110
Number of ONS units in 2018 ( n = 912 ) 600 (30 to 3192)672 (12 to 3250) P=0.540
Patients on more than 1 ONS, n = 91218.68.2 P<0.001
Patients on ONS previous year92.896.9 P=0.023
Number of medications 7 (0 to 18)6 (0 to 18) P=0.021
Polypharmacy
No polypharmacy (<5 drugs)21.035.6
Polypharmacy (≥5 drugs)55.743.4
Excessive polypharmacy (≥10)23.421.1 P=0.001
Patient CNS drug dispensed a
No CNS drug17.426.4
CNS drug (<5 drugs)74.364.0
CNS polypharmacy or excessive polypharmacy (≥5 drugs)8.49.5 P=0.032
Patient c irculatory drug dispensed b
No circulatory drug33.539.5
Circulatory drug (<5 drugs)51.540.7
Circulatory drug polypharmacy or excessive polypharmacy (≥5 drugs)15.019.9 P=0.035
  • aCNS medication include drugs to treat anxiety; Insomnia; psychoses; mood disorders; obsessive compulsive disorder; nausea; vomiting; vertigo; epilepsy and seizures; Parkinson's; Alzheimer's; multiple sclerosis; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and narcolepsy. bCirculatory medication include drugs to treat hypertension; oedema; heart failure; arrhythmias; angina; prevent myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular events; hypercholesterolaemia; vascular diseases such as Raynaud's and pulmonary arterial hypertension; haemorrhage; anaemia and neutropenia.

  • CNS = central nervous system. ONS = oral nutritional supplements. PCERS = Primary Care and Eligibility Reimbursement Service.