Table 2. Mean difference between initial and final measurements for clinical features and metabolic variables in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Metabolic variablesMeasurements
Initial, n =593Final, n =593Mean difference P-value*
MeanSDMeanSD
BMI 29.324.9429.064.61–0.260.013
SBP 124.2418.35122.6316.82–1.610.054
DBP 75.2211.0871.849.133.37<0.01
HbA1c 8.292.397.831.650.46<0.01
TC 206.2949.82184.5645.7821.73<0.01
HDL-C 54.9617.5959.6314.73–4.67<0.01
LDL-C 113.3444.7292.3235.7221.02<0.01
Triglycerides 190.98123.74163.0191.3327.97<0.01
Urea 40.1015.8241.1623.81–1.050.272
Creatinine 1.060.331.110.60–0.040.063
TC/HDL-C 4.081.563.190.830.89<0.01
LDL/HDL-C 2.291.231.600.640.69<0.01
TC-HDL-C 151.3249.44124.9241.7826.40<0.01
TC-HDL-C/HDL-C 3.081.562.190.830.89<0.01
TG/HDL-C 3.832.632.952.190.88<0.01
AIP 0.140.270.040.240.10<0.01
  • AIP = atherogenic index plasma. BMI = body mass index. DBP = diastolic blood pressure. HbA1c = glycated haemoglobin. HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. SBP = systolic blood pressure. SD = standard deviation. TC = total cholesterol. TG = triglyceride.

  • *Paired samples t-test; statistically significant P ≤0.05.